Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education is a school subject through which pupils develop the knowledge, skills and attributes they need to manage their lives, now and in the future. These skills and attributes help pupils to stay healthy, safe, and prepare them for life and work in modern Britain. PSHE education helps pupils to achieve their academic potential, and leave school equipped with skills they will need throughout later life.
PSHE Association, 2016
Have a look at how Jigsaw lessons create opportunities for developing SMSC
How we Implement the PSHE Curriculum
What is PSHE Education?
PSHE Education (Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education) is a planned programme of learning through which children and young people acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to successfully manage their lives – now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PSHE Education develops the qualities and attributes pupils need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.
What do schools have to teach in PSHE Education?
According to the National Curriculum, every school needs to have a broad and balanced curriculum that:
• promotes the spiritual, moral, social, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school;
• prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life;
• promotes British values.
From September 2020, primary schools in England also need to teach Relationships and Health Education as compulsory subjects and the Department for Education strongly recommends this should also include age-appropriate Sex Education.
Schools also have statutory responsibilities to safeguard their pupils (Keeping Children Safe in Education, DfE, 2019) and to uphold the Equality Act (2010).
The Jigsaw Programme supports all.
What is Jigsaw, the mindful approach to PSHE, and how does it work?
Jigsaw is a whole-school approach and embodies a positive philosophy and creative teaching and learning activities to nurture children’s development as compassionate and well-rounded human beings as well as building their capacity to learn.
Jigsaw is a comprehensive and completely original PSHE Education programme (lesson plans and teaching resources) for the whole primary school from ages 3-11 (12 in Scotland). Written by teachers and grounded in sound psychology, it also includes all the statutory requirements for Relationships and Health Education, and Sex Education is also included in the Changing Me Puzzle (unit).
Jigsaw has two main aims for all children:
• To build their capacity for learning
• To equip them for life
Jigsaw brings together PSHE Education, compulsory Relationships and Health Education, emotional literacy, mindfulness, social skills and spiritual development. It is designed as a whole school approach, with all year groups working on the same theme (Puzzle) at the same time at their own level.
How does Jigsaw work in our school?
There are six Puzzles in Jigsaw that are designed to progress in sequence from September to July:
- Being Me in My World
- Celebrating Difference (including anti-bullying)
- Dreams and Goals
- Healthy Me
- Changing Me (including Sex Education)
Each Piece has two Learning Intentions: one is based on specific PSHE learning (covering the non-statutory national framework for PSHE Education but enhanced to address children’s needs today), and one is based on emotional literacy and social skills (covering the SEAL learning intentions but also enhanced). The enhancements mean that Jigsaw is relevant to children living in today’s world as it helps them understand and be equipped to cope with issues like body image, cyber and homophobic bullying, and internet safety.
The creation of Jigsaw is motivated by the genuine belief that if attention is paid to supporting children’s personal development in a structured and developmentally appropriate way, this will not only improve their capacity to learn (across the curriculum) but will ultimately improve their life chances. That’s why Jigsaw is completely child-focussed.
This is reflected in the innovative way that Pieces (lessons) are structured:
Connect us – This section is designed to maximise social skills, to engender positive relationships and enhance collaborative learning.
Calm me – This section aims to still the children’s minds, relaxing them and quietening their emotions to a place of optimum learning capacity. This will also engender a peaceful atmosphere within the classroom. It is an invaluable life skill which also enhances reflection and spiritual development.
Tell me or show me – This section is used to introduce new information, concepts and skills, using a range of teaching approaches and activities.
Let me learn – Following Piaget’s learning model, after receiving new information/concepts, children need to manipulate, use, and play with that new information in order for it to make sense to them and for them to ‘accommodate’ it into their existing learning.
Help me reflect -Throughout Jigsaw, children are encouraged to reflect on their learning experiences and their progress. By reflecting, children can process and evaluate what they have learnt, which enables them to consolidate and apply their learning.
Our Intent for PHSE
I give to you a new commandment, that you love one another. Just as I have loved you, that you also love one another. By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another. John 13 V 34-35
At St Luke’s, PSHE is a fundamental part of every child’s education and is highly valued as part of our core curriculum offer. As a consequence, it encompasses many aspects of school life. Our PSHE provision ensures all learners, regardless of background, race or gender learn how to have high aspirations, be healthy, independent and responsible members of society. It enables our children to learn how to keep safe, respect themselves and others and believe in themselves. It understands the importance of individual responsibility and how the actions of individuals can make a positive contribution to society.
We encourage our pupils to develop their sense of self-worth by playing a positive role and contributing to school life through their roles as school ambassadors. This is a highly respected position and they represent our school by supporting, helping and leading others. For example, our Wellbeing Ambassadors promote wellbeing and mental health through supporting others, listening and communicating effectively, developing positive relationships and resolving conflicts during breaktimes and lunchtimes. Our PSHE curriculum enables children to access the wider curriculum and prepare them to be valued members within the local community and the opportunities to keep themselves safe from any risks that may exist. One way we do this is through running Growing Against Violence workshops for parents and pupils.
We follow the Jigsaw scheme to deliver PSHE. Jigsaw brings together PSHE Education, emotional literacy, social skills and spiritual development in a comprehensive scheme of learning. It is a whole school approach, with all year groups working on the same theme (Puzzle) at the same time. This approach builds on prior learning and is progressive.
We are also a Rights Respecting School, we aim to create a safe and inspiring place to achieve where children learn about their rights and how to respect these rights by putting them into practice in their everyday lives. Through our Young Leaders Award, we teach learners to become confident and resilient leaders, who develop a growth mindset, become independent thinkers, good communicators, and who have compassion and care for their communities thus leaving school as well-rounded and responsible citizens.
The Jigsaw programme links well to spirituality and to our themes and values of collective worship. The skills, knowledge, open-minded and open-ended enquiry ethos of the Jigsaw scheme provides opportunities for children to enhance their own spirituality.
When appropriate, the school deliberately adapts and reshapes the curriculum to reflect the diversity of our learners. We develop and personalise specific units to provide pupils with opportunities to learn about local or topical issues.
Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural Development
Spiritual, moral, social and cultural development are promoted through all PSHE teaching
Spiritual development: We explore the beliefs and experiences of ourselves and others; discuss the importance of respecting all beliefs and faiths; learn about and discuss our feelings and values and those of others.
Moral development: We learn about and discuss things that are right and wrong; learn about the law and the importance of it; begin to consider our actions and the consequence of them; consider, discuss and debate ethical issues; offer reasoned views.
Social development: We consider all of the groups and communities that we are part of; participate in our local community; learn how to resolve conflict; engage with the British Values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, mutual respect and tolerance.
Cultural development: We become aware of cultural influences; learn about the role of Britain’s parliamentary system; understand, accept, respect and celebrate diversity.
Assessment and Recording
PSHE learning is recorded in PSHE class books: these books contain a range of evidence of the children’s learning, which can include –but is not limited to- photocopies of cross-curricula learning; children’s verbal or written comments; photographic evidence of activities and experiences.
Teachers assess children’s knowledge, understanding and skills in PSHE by making observations and notes of children’s comments during lessons. As part of our assessment for learning process (and in line with our school’s assessment policy), children will receive both verbal and written feedback in order to aid progress in the subject (where appropriate).
Relationship and Health Education at St Luke's
What is Relationship and Health Education (RHE)?
Principles within a Christian Education
We teach children about Relationship and Health Education within the context of being a Christian school. It is important that as children grow up, they come to an understanding of their own bodies, instincts and feelings. In this way they will be prepared for the opportunities, joys and responsibilities of caring relationships. Relationship and Health Education should be taught in the context of family life and committed, stable relationships with an emphasis on love, trust and respect. It is also about understanding the building blocks of friendship, privacy, and boundaries.
Have a look at how Jigsaw meets the statutory requirements for Relationships and Health Education
We must avoid, at all costs, diminishing the dignity of any individual to a stereotype or a problem. Church of England schools offer a community where everyone is a person known and loved by God, supported to know their intrinsic value.
Valuing All God’s Children, Church of England 2017, Foreword by The Most Revd and Rt Hon Justin Welby, Archbishop of Canterbury
Vision in Action
The policy supports the school’s aims with particular reference to:
encouraging pupils to become responsible members of the community and confident people through the fostering of positive attitudes which enhance self esteem
encouraging all members of the school community to have concern, respect and a caring attitude for others, their immediate environment and the world at large
teach and support the acquisition of appropriate learning skills to enable our children to reach their highest potential intellectually, physically, emotionally, spiritually, morally and socially
It is lifelong learning about physical, moral and emotional development. It is about the understanding of the importance of marriage for family life, stable and loving relationships, respect, love and care. Research demonstrates that good, comprehension RHE does not make young people more likely to become sexually active at a younger age.
Sex and Relationship Education Guidance, DfEE (now Department for Education/DfE) 2000
Relationship and Health Education will reflect the values of the Personal, Social, Health and Economic (P.S.H.E) education and Citizenship programme. R.H.E will be taught in the context of relationships and more specifically within the context of Christian principles. We will teach children about the different types of family that reflect modern Britain. In addition R.H.E will promote self-esteem and emotional health and well-being and help them form and maintain worthwhile and satisfying relationships, based on respect for themselves and for others, at home, school, work and in the community
RHE … should seek to develop understanding that there are a variety of relationships and family patterns in the modern world.
Valuing All God’s Children, Church of England 2018 p34